NEW MAGIC SQUARES WHEEL METHOD - SPOKE SHIFT

Part D5

Picture of a wheel

How to Spoke Shift 9x9 Magic Squares

A magic square is an arrangement of numbers 1,2,3,... n2 where every row, column and diagonal add up to the same magic sum S and n is also the order of the square. A magic square having all pairs of cells diametrically equidistant from the center of the square and equal to the sum of the first and last terms of the series n2 + 1 is also called associated or symmetric. In addition, the center of this type of square must always contain the middle number of the series, i.e., ½(n2 + 1).

This site introduces a two new methods used for the construction of wheel type squares except that the initial spoke parts are added in a somewhat different manner than in the original wheel method. The first method consists of pairing numbers in complementary fashion, partitioning these complementary pairs into groups, generating in the spoke and then filling in the non spoke cells with the remaining complementary pairs as was done in the original method. The difference between this type of square and the original is that numbers less than or equal to 0 may be included in the square.

The second method consists of transposing rows and columns around to generate a magic square where the spoke numbers have been inverted. Method one generates border squares where the internal squares and the external squares are magic. Method 2 produces only one magic square, the external one. The internal squares are all non magic.

The second method consists of transposing rows and columns around to generate a magic square where the spoke numbers have been inverted. Method one generates border squares where the internal squares and the external squares are magic. Method 2 produces only one magic square, the external one. The internal squares are all non magic.

In addition, the diagonal pairs are obtained from the complementary table using what I call a "Multi-Cross-Over" method shown below. For a square with n = 9, there are 29 sets of pairs which are shown in as evenly spaced pairs. These pairs and their complements make up entries to the diagonal cells. This site uses the {9,7,5,3} and {10,8,6,4} pairs along with the connectivity of all the numbers used for the squares (Figure A).

The new magic squares with n = 9 are constructed as follows using a complimentary table as a guide (where 21 follows 20 on the third line).


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
 
82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62
 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3132 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41
61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42

A 9x9 Magic Square Using the Pairs {9,7,5,3} and {10,8,6,4}

  1. The center column is filled with the group of numbers ½ (n2-n+2) to ½(n2+n) in consecutive order starting at the bottom cell and proceeding to the top cell from the numbers listed in the complementary table described above, for example using n = 9. For a 9x9 square the numbers in the center column correspond to 37 → 38 → 39 → 40 → 41 → 42 → 43 → 44 → 45 starting from the bottom (Square A1).
  2. 24 pairs are left with which to construct the spoke and fill in the non-spoke cells. Table Fg tells us that for n = 9 there are 29 sets that can generate a "Multi-Cross-Over or terminus" of evenly spaced numbers. The spoke cells are chosen from a group of 29 pairs of evenly spaced numbers. In this exercise we pick the 3rd pair (9 → 7 → 5 → 3) and (10 → 8 → 6 → 4) where 5 Multi-Crossover points are present at (4,5), (5,6), (6,7), (7,8) and (8,9). The first set (with complements) corresponds to the left diagonal and the second set to the right as shown in Square A2. The numbers 9, 7, 5 and 3 are added, in that order, down to the right and 10, 8, 6 and 4 are added, in that order, up right as shown.
  3. This is followed by adding the pairs {-34,-33,-32,-31} to the center row with -34 to the right of 41, adding the next numbers consecutively to the right hand side of the square and finishing of with their complements {113,114,115,116} to the left of 41 (Square A3).
  4. To fill up the rest of the square work with the internal square first, i.e., 5x5 where (25 is paired with 26) and (14 with 19) along with their complements in the same row or column to form Square A4. Note that {25,26} are adjacent on the complementary table while {14,19} are 6 units away.
  5. Fill in the next internal square 7x7 by pairing {27 with 28}, {29 with 30}, {15 with 20}, and {16 with 21}.
  6. Fill in the external square 9x9 by pairing {31 with 32}, {33 with 34}, {35 with 36}, {17 with 22}, {1 with 8},and {2 with 5}. All the complementary pairs are used for this square.The complementary pairs (11,71),(18,64), (23,59) and (24,58) are thrown out.
    The picture below (Figure A) shows the physical connectivity.
  7. The portion of the complementary table (just the top set of numbers since the same applies to the bottom set) showing the connectivity of the non-spoke numbers and the "Multi-Cross-Over" points are shown as little red stars and is summarized as:

    Picture of a wheel
  8. Figure A
  9. The result of these operations is a wheel with a shifted spoke where the numbers in the diagonal of the regular wheel 37 → 38 → 39 → 40 → 41 → 42 → 43 → 44 → 45 have been transposed or shifted to a column.
  10. The square that is produced via this method is a border square, since the 3x3 square has an S = 123, the 5x5 has an S = 205, the 7x7 has an S = 287 and the 9x9 has an S = 369. These border squares are shown in Square A6.
A1
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
A2
9 45 72
7 44 74
5 43 76
3 42 78
41
4 40 79
6 39 77
8 38 75
10 37 73
A3
9 45 72
7 44 74
5 43 76
3 42 78
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
4 40 79
6 39 77
8 38 75
10 37 73
A4
9 45 72
7 44 74
535 43 46 76
11 3 42 78 71
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
684 40 79 14
6 47 39 36 77
8 38 75
10 37 73
A5
9 45 72
7 3331 44 50 48 74
12535 43 46 76 70
1311 3 42 78 71 69
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
66684 40 79 1416
676 47 39 36 77 15
8 49 51 38 3234 75
13 37 70
A6
9 29 2725 45 5654 52 72
17 7 33 31 44 50 48 74 65
1812 535 43 46 76 70 64
1913 11 3 42 78 71 6963
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
606668 4 40 79 14 1622
6167 6 47 39 36 77 1521
628 49 51 38 3234 75 20
10 53 5557 37 2628 30 73
A6 Border
9 29 2725 45 5654 52 72
17 7 3331 44 50 48 74 65
1812 535 43 46 76 70 64
1913 11 3 42 78 71 6963
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
6066 684 40 79 141622
6167 6 47 39 36 77 1521
628 49 51 38 3234 75 20
10 53 5557 37 26 28 30 73
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
 
81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60
 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3132 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41
59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42

Conversion of the 9x9 into its transposed opposite

Generation of a 9x9 transposed opposite can also follow the route used above. Unfortunately as n > 5 their generation becomes more and more complicated. A method that obviates this is to transpose columns followed by rows. This generates a new square which is not a border square. Only the external square is magic.

  1. Take square A6 and transpose (column 1 with column 4), (column 2 with column 3), (column 6 with column 9) and (column 7 with column 8) to get Square A7.
  2. Take square A7 and transpose (row 1 with row 4), (row 2 with row 3), (row 6 with row 9) and (row 7 with row 8) to get Square A8.
  3. In a sense A6 has been imploded or everted into A8, i.e., A6 and A8 below are opposites.
A6
9 29 2725 45 5654 52 72
17 7 33 31 44 50 48 74 65
1812 535 43 46 76 70 64
1913 11 3 42 78 71 6963
113114 115 116 41 -34 -33-32-31
606668 4 40 79 14 1622
6167 6 47 39 36 77 1521
628 49 51 38 3234 75 20
10 53 5557 37 2628 30 73
A7
25 27 299 45 7252 54 56
31 33 7 17 44 6574 4850
355 1218 43 64 70 76 46
311 13 19 42 63 69 7178
116115 114 113 41 -31 -32-33-34
46866 60 40 22 16 1479
476 67 61 39 21 15 7736
5149 8 62 38 2075 34 32
57 55 5310 37 73 3028 26
A8
311 13 19 42 63 69 7178
355 1218 43 64 70 76 46
31 33 7 17 44 6574 4850
25 27 299 45 7252 54 56
116115 114 113 41 -31 -32-33-34
57 55 5310 37 73 3028 26
5149 8 62 38 2075 34 32
476 67 61 39 21 15 7736
46866 60 40 22 16 1479

The result is a new square conforming to the same complementary table above which obviates the need to go thru the complicared rigmarole of filling in the non-spoke cells which appears to be more difficult to do.

This completes Part D5 of a 9x9 Magic Square Wheel Spoke Shift method. To go to the next 9x9 Part D6.
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Copyright © 2014 by Eddie N Gutierrez. E-Mail: Fiboguti89@Yahoo.com